Second citizenship Programs

Second Citizenship ProgramsEconomic Citizenship programs exist in most countries and allow people of foreign nationalities to reside and benefit from the rights and privileges that a country offers. Economic Citizenship programs are however administered differently based on their objectives.

For instance, some countries are not heavily populated and have a land mass that is relatively low in relation to the number of inhabitants. This may result in a lack of professionals and human capacity for skilled and unskilled labour, which may lead the government to promote a citizenship program that, encourages foreign nationals to migrate to that country and settle there. Legal second citizenship programs like this are usually very well structured and are administered in a way that requires migrants to be classified according to their professional background. Such program for citizenship would however have a residency requirement and thus demand that immigrants abide by the terms of their residency.

Other legal second citizenship programs may operate differently even though a strict residency requirement is established. Some countries have a very high influx of immigrants because of their location and strong economic standing. Foreign nationals may enter as students, professionals or vacationers and eventually obtain work permits, and hence acquire residency rights. Economic citizenship programs may not have been intended for this, but are eventually administered in order to deal with this type of immigration and the settlement of new residents. A citizenship program in this scenario would normally be based on residency, but in the case of children who are born to immigrants while residing there, citizenship laws are very clear on birth right matters.

Economic Citizenship programs such as those that have been introduced in the Caribbean and other parts of the world are administered differently. These programs for citizenship do not have residency requirements and are based on an economic investment of a stipulated amount. Economic Citizenship programs like these have been known as citizenship by investment programs or economic citizenship programs and provide an alternative to other citizenship programs which have residency as a prerequisite.

However, it is not without challenges that legal dual citizenship programs are administered. A lot of discipline and prudence is required, and poor management has led to the cancellation of this type of citizenship program in nearly all of the countries in which it was available. Currently, two Caribbean countries, Dominica and St. Kitts and Nevis continue to administer this program for citizenship based on a well defined and highly regulated structure, which is the reason for the continued success and repute of this citizenship program.

Regulation is particular plays a vital role in economic citizenship. It has been paramount to implement and enforce strict due diligence measures, as it is absolutely necessary to have could and thorough background information on anyone who applies for citizenship under the citizenship program. Applicants are foreign nationals from different walks of life and declining an application or the issue of a passport regardless the stage of the process is essential whenever necessary.

Economic citizenship programs have economic, social and political benefits that stem from the larger pool of professionals and human resources that countries are able to tap into. Where a citizenship program is without residency demands, financial investments into education, health care, infrastructure, technology and other areas help countries to better achieve economic growth and development.

Second Citizenship